Audio-Visual: A term used to describe the physical items found in a library which are audio-based (such as books on CD) or visual in nature (such as DVDs). Sometimes referred to as "AV" or "non-print".

Book Return: A slot or "drawer" on the outside of each library which allows persons to return library materials during hours when the library is closed. Also called a book drop.

Boolean Searching: Using special commands or operators to tell a database how the words being searched relate to one another. For instance, AND will marry two terms together. OR will broaden a search. NOT will remove a concept from a search to make it more specific.

Browser: Software that allows you to search the Internet, such as Netscape, Firefox or Internet Explorer.

Call Number: The specific combination of letters and/or numbers on the spine of a library item, which allows you to precisely track it down.

Catalogue: This is the database which lists every single item available at Chatham-Kent Public Library. You can find these computer catalogues at each library and you can use them to look for items. You can also find the catalogue online from the website and you can search for things and place holds from home or school computers too. Sometimes these are also called OPACs (online public access catalogues).

Cataloguing: The process of getting materials ready to go out onto the shelves, including determining the Dewey Decimal number, laminating the covers, deciding on the subject listings for an items to go into the library catalogue and so on. The Technical Services team oversees the whole process from ordering an item through to its going out on a shelf.

Check Out : To borrow library materials for a fixed period of time (usually one week or three weeks)

Chief Librarian: The CEO or manager of a public library system.

Circulation Desk: The place where you can check out, return or renew library materials, or get a card or pay for photocopies or fines or other such services.

CKPL: Acronym for "Chatham-Kent Public Library".

Collections: All the materials owned by a library, in print, audio-visual and electronic format.

Dewey Decimal System: Melvil Dewey's system of organizing and classifying library materials. It uses a numeric system to designate basic subjects, and sub-categories to be more specific within theses subjects. For instance, the Dewey Decimal Number for Space is 520; the Number for Comets is 523.6.

Fine: A fee charged for keeping library materials past their due date.

Government Documents: Publications held at a library which were created by a government or government agency, including reports, treaties, periodicals, statistics, hearings etc.

Graphic Novel: Another name for comic books. Sometimes used to specifically refer to comics that are not about superheroes or manga, but can include all types of comics.

Holds: The process which reserves an item for the person who places the hold, so that when it is available they will be alerted to that fact and can come to the library to sign it out.

ILLO or Interlibrary Loan: A service that enables people to request to borrow a book which is not owned by CKPL but is owned by another library elsewhere who will mail it to CKPL for that person to read.

Journal: A publication which is printed periodically (weekly, monthly, quarterly) devoted to specific subjects. It usually contains scholarly or academic articles written by experts in that subject. For instance, the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

Keyword: A word used in a searching a database or library catalogue to describe a main subject word found in a title, author's name, series title or subject field.

Librarian: Used in a generic sense, it means someone who works in a library. Used in its accurate sense, it is professional classification for one type of library worker. At CKPL, librarians are the staff persons who have a Masters degree in Library and Information Science.

Local History Collections: A collection of rare, and locally-relevant items. At CKPL, the Local History Collections are housed in the McKeough Local History Room at the Chatham branch.

Microfilm: A material for copying paper information to be preserved for future viewing. Rolls of microfilm are available at CKPL for Chatham-Kent's newspapers. These rolls, which date back to the 1800s, can be viewed on special microfilm readers at the library.

Non-fiction: Books or media which are factual or information-based in nature.

OPAC: Acronym for "online public access catalogue". See "catalogue" above.

OverDrive: A library service which allows a person to download audiobooks and ebooks. You can listen to audiobooks on your computer or transfer to a variety of portable devices, including the iPod.

Overdue: A checked-out items which has been kept past its due date.

Patron: A library term for library users or customers like you.

Periodical: A document which is produced on a periodic basis (weekly, monthly, quarterly) such as a magazine or a journal.

PIN: An acronym for a "Personal Identification Number" which, combined with your library card number, allows you to access databases from the library's virtual collection.

Playaways: A specific collection of audiobooks which can be borrowed at your library. They are a unique format (about the size of a deck of cards), and work by your putting a AAA battery in the unit and plugging in a head set. CKPL has video Playaways too.

Range: The whole length of shelving, including however many bays of shelves constitute one row.

Readers' Advisory: Advice from library staff about what might be good to read. This can be done in person, or through booklists, online suggestions or reviews.

Record: An item in a database, or library catalogue.

Reference Material: A document (print or electronic) such as a dictionary, encyclopedia or glossary which provides specific facts or data. Reference material typically must be used in the library and cannot be checked out for use at home.

Renew: The process of extending the borrowing period for an item which has been borrowed from the library, but which you would like to use for a longer time than the initial loan period.

RSS: This stands for "Really Simple Syndication", and is a tool that allows you to collect news and postings from newspapers, blogs, magazines etc. and read them in one place. Popular examples are Google Reads and Bloglines. CKPL also has new item RSS feeds.

Shelf Reading: Looking at the items on a shelf and making sure that everything is in the correct order. Fixing those that are out-of-place.

Shelving: Returning items to the library shelves.

Spine: The edge of a book which faces out on a shelf and contains the book title and call number.

Stacks: The areas where materials are shelved at the library.

YA or Young Adult Area: A specific area in the library where materials of particular interest to teens can be found (magazines, audiobooks, books, graphic novels etc.)