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Extreme Cold

 

Environment Canada issues an extreme cold warning when the temperature or wind chill is expected to reach minus 30°C for at least two hours.  

Overexposure to cold may result in hypothermia, which occurs when the body temperature drops below normal. Normal body temperature ranges from 36.1° to 37.8° Celsius (97° to 100° Fahrenheit). Symptoms of hypothermia may include pale skin, lethargy, confusion and hallucinations. In the initial stages a person may shiver a lot, but as their body temperature drops shivering may also decrease.

 Symptoms of frostbite include:

  •  Areas of skin turning red, blue or a grey/white 
  • Pain, numbness and stiffness, especially in fingers, toes, ears and nose which are most susceptible

 If you suspect frostbite:

  •  Gently warm the affected skin or immerse in warm, not hot water.
  •  Don’t rub the area—re-warming may take 30-60 minutes. 
  • Seek emergency medical treatment for a severe, blistering case of frostbite.

 If you suspect someone may be suffering from hypothermia:

  • Seek medical attention immediately. 
  • If possible, move the person to a warm area and dress them in warm clothing. Offer warm water, juice or milk. 
  • Do not offer alcohol or hot drinks (alcohol alters blood flow, making surface blood vessels open wider allowing the body to lose heat faster, providing a false sense of being warmer).

 To avoid hypothermia or frostbite people are advised to:  

  • Dress warmly in layers—with warm gloves and boots.
  • Wear a hat—30% of body heat escapes through the head. 
  • Drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration (remember that drinks containing caffeine can dehydrate). 
  • Alcohol consumption makes hypothermia more likely. 
  •  Limit outdoor activity.

 Remember not to leave pets outside for any length of time – they are just as susceptible to the dangers of cold as we are.

 For more information contact the Chatham-Kent Public Health Unit at 519.352.7270



Points of Interest
 
Name
 
 
Contact Information
Chatham-Kent Public Health Unit - Environmental Health Department
435 Grand Ave. W. P.O. Box 1136
Chatham, Ontario, N7M 5L8
Phone:
519.352.7270 X2902
Fax:
519.352.2166
Contact Information
 
Chatham-Kent Public Health Unit - Environmental Health Department
435 Grand Ave. W. P.O. Box 1136
Chatham, Ontario, N7M 5L8
Phone:
519.352.7270 X2902
Fax:
519.352.2166
Contact Information
Chatham-Kent Public Health Unit - Environmental Health Department
435 Grand Ave. W. P.O. Box 1136
Chatham, Ontario, N7M 5L8
Phone:
519.352.7270 X2902
Fax:
519.352.2166
Contact Information
Chatham-Kent Public Health Unit - Environmental Health Department
435 Grand Ave. W. P.O. Box 1136
Chatham, Ontario, N7M 5L8
Phone:
519.352.7270 X2902
Fax:
519.352.2166


Last updated:
Thursday, March 3, 2016
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